skip to main content

Primary Year Program

Elementary students' learning is framed by six themes: who we are, where we are in place and time, how we express ourselves, how the world works, how we organize ourselves, and sharing the planet. These six units are transdisciplinary, meaning that they connect the curriculum, linking math, language arts, science, social studies, art, and even PE, together into a cohesive unit. Each theme takes 5-6 weeks to cover and promotes in-depth investigation, critical thinking, and student engagement, as children explore their schoolwork and their world through these themes.
Even in elementary school, learning is inquiry-based and student-driven. For example, to kick off their unit on sharing the planet, kindergartners sort through pictures of animals, birds, insects, and fish, and work together to develop and articulate criteria that they then use to categorize and classify the pictures. Instead of the teacher lecturing students about the qualities that differentiate each group, students are pushed to think critically, experiment, explore, and then explain their thought process. Additional enrichment activities integrated into the curriculum including 30 weeks of introductory Spanish; a weekly hour of P.E.; six sessions of Art Masters per year; a semester of Primary Music for grades K-3; and 80 minutes per week of instrumental and choral music for grades 4-5.
For more information about the PYP, please go to the IBO website.

PYP Transdisciplinary Themes:

Transdisciplinary themes focus on the following:  See a detailed description of each Transdisciplinary theme.
  • Who We Are
  • How the World Works
  • Where We Are in Place and Time
  • How We Organize Ourselves
  • How We Express Ourselves
  • Sharing the Planet

Learner Profiles

The International Baccalaureate® (IB) learner profile describes a broad range of human capacities and responsibilities that go beyond academic success.  They imply a commitment to help all members of the school community learn to respect themselves, others and the world around them.  Each of the IB's programs is committed to the development of students according to the IB learner profile.
The profile's aims to develop learners who are:
  • Inquirers
  • Knowledgeable
  • Thinkers
  • Communicators
  • Principled
  • Open-minded
  • Caring
  • Risk-takers
  • Balanced
  • Reflective
Each quarter, students are recognized at a school-wide assembly for effectively demonstrating an IB Learner Profile.
Click here to view a detailed description of the learner profile characteristics.
3rd food chain

General Information

The IB offers four programs for students aged 3 to 19. These programs can be offered individually or as a continuum by IB World Schools.
  • The Primary Years Program (PYP) for students aged 3 to 12 started in 1997 and is now offered in 1,266 IB World Schools in 106 countries across the globe. (Offered at Hankey TK-8)   To find out more about this programme, go to the IBO website.
  • The Middle Years Program (MYP)for students aged 11 to 16 started in 1994 and is now offered in 1,149 IB World Schools, in 101 countries. (Offered at Hankey TK-8)  To find out more about this programme, go to the IBO website.
  • The Diploma Program (DP) for students aged 16 to 19,  started in 1968.  The DP is now offered in 2,795 IB World Schools, in 143 countries. (Offered at San Clemente HS, San Juan Hills HS, and Capo Valley HS)  To find out more about this program, go to the IBO website.
  • The Career-related Program (CP)for students aged 16-19 is IB's newest addition to the continuum.  The CP began in 2012 and is currently offered in 98 IB World Schools, in 16 countries.   To find out more about this program, go to the IBO website.
  • Below are the Carl Hankey TK-8 Academy School Policies:
The program of inquiry is a framework used to development inquiry-based units for each grade. Both primary and middle-level students explore six units of inquiry each year that last from 4-6 weeks.
Click here for a detailed description of the PYP: 2023-24-Coordinators-Hankey-POI.docx-1.pdf
There are Five Essential Elements in the PYP.  To read more about the Essential Elements in the PYP.
1.  Concepts
What do we want students to understand?
2.  Skills
What do we want students to be able to do?
3.  Knowledge
What do we want students to know about?
4.  Attitudes
What do we want students to feel, value and demonstrate?
5.  Action
How do we want students to act?